Composting is a practical way to recycle grass clippings, leaves, yard waste, vegetable trimmings and other organic materials. The resulting medium is very valuable. Composting can easily be your contribution to helping our environment!
Advantages to Composting:
- The compost will be rich in nutrients to fertilize vegetable gardens, lawns and flower beds. Plants will grow quicker and be stronger.
- Removal of yard waste will soon be the homeowner’s responsibility because landfills will no longer accept the waste. Composts offer a way to discard and recycle your organic waste.
- Soil that has compost added will have better aeration, drainage and workability.
To Compost you will need:
- Organic Matter: leaves, grass clippings, plants, vegetable trimmings, weeds, manure. The ratio of organic matter to nitrogenous matter (animal manure) is five to one. If you have an overabundance of leaves, add ground limestone to neutralize the acidity of the pile. (Do NOT use these food wastes: oil, lard, fat, grease, margarine, butter, milk, cheese, yogurt, sour cream, salad dressing, peanut butter, mayonnaise, fish, chicken, meat or bones.)
- Bacteria and fungi live in soil and vegetable matter and promote the composting process.
- Nitrogen is found in fertilizers like 10-10-10, 5-10-5, blood meal, cottonseed or soybean meal.
- Water is necessary but in the right amount. The compost should be as wet as a squeezed-out sponge. Air needs to get inside so don’t waterlog your pile.
- Oxygen is needed for the bacteria to live and multiply. The pile must be turned weekly for good aeration and distribution of heat. If the odor of your compost pile becomes intolerable, your pile needs more oxygen.
- Lime will help the decomposition.
- Pile or Bin: A compost pile can be an open pile but a bin is usually preferred because it looks neater. A compost bin can be made out of logs, poles, wooden pallets, cinder blocks, snow fence or chicken wire. You will need to allow for air flow and an opening to turn and remove the compost.
- Compost Starter from Zergott’s Garden Center, will help you!